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While a good grasp of the many separate aspects of agriculture is important, it is equally essential for all those involved in agriculture to understand the functioning of the farming system as a whole and how it can be best managed. It is necessary to re-assess and understand rain-fed farming systems around the world and to find ways to improve the selection, design and operation of such systems for long term productivity, profitability and sustainability. The components of the system must operate together efficiently; yet many of the relationships and interactions are not clearly understood. Appreciation of these matters and how they are affected by external influences or inputs are important for decision making and for achieving desirable outcomes for the farm as a whole. This book analyses common rain-fed farming systems and defines the principles and practices important to their effective functioning and management.
Livestock is an important sub-sector of the agriculture mix of Pakistan. It holds much value in the rural socioeconomic system. More than eight million rural small and landless farmers raise livestock, making it an ideal sector for attacking rural poverty in the country. Livestock makes up almost 55.9% of the agriculture value added and contributes up to 11.9 % of the GDP thus the future high growth in agriculture is expected to be led by the livestock sector. About 49% of livestock population is inhabited in rain fed areas and is dominated by small and landless farmers. The income of the rain fed Farmers is insufficient to maintain the family due to low farm income from crops on account of small land holdings, degraded soil, impaired soil fertility and erratic rainfall. This study attempts to describe the importance of the livestock in development of rain fed livestock farming system keeping the view of climate change and highlights issues in the sector that hinder its upward growth and also devise suggestions, recommendation for future options to ensure sustainable rearing of livestock by small farmers